Is Mold Has To Do With Having Asthma?

Babies who are exposed to mold in their living environments have almost a 3 times greater risk of becoming asthmatic than those who did not have comprehensive mold direct exposure in their very first year of life. (Medical Proof that Links Mold Exposure to Illness Keeps Piling Up).

There have been 4 essential research studies that have researched the relationship between mold and asthma. The very first research study was carried out in Finland in 2001, followed by 3 other studies between 2012 and 2014 in the United States, Taiwan, and the United Kingdom.

In a 2001 research study, Dr. Maritta Kilpelainen at the University of Turku in Finland found a link between mold and illness. Her study surveyed 10,000 students about the dampness of their homes and inquired to report back on colds and other respiratory conditions.
The research study made the following conclusions:
1. Trainees who reported having noticeable mold in their homes were more than twice as likely as others to have asthma. Musty houses were likewise connected to an almost 50% increase in the odds of having at least 4 colds in a year.
2. Trainees whose houses harbored visible mold or water damage were also at a rather higher risk for other infections such as bronchitis and pneumonia.
3. Moisture in the house “a minimum of preserves” asthma signs, and may also improve a person’s vulnerability to colds and other respiratory infections.
4. Mold is an irritant, it is a recognized trigger of asthma attacks since it triggers swelling in the upper respiratory system and, for that reason, makes individuals more vulnerable to colds.

In 2013, the New York City Housing Authority (NYCHA) was taken legal action against by homeowners that implicated the agency of breaching the Americans With Disabilities Act by not appropriately dealing with wetness issues that triggered mold, exacerbating respiratory conditions of locals, especially children. It is very important that mold inspection services must be considered.

A documentary produced by NBC Dateline, called Breathless, enhanced the reason for the residents who argued that consistent wetness in their public housing was triggering mold issues that caused asthma attacks in their kids.
NYCHA settled out of court and accepted the following:
1. Address wetness as the source of mold.
2. Respond to grievances promptly.
3. Recognize mold and wetness as a health risk.
4. Recognize asthma as a disability and to make lodgings for occupants with the condition.

This is a historical agreement because it recognizes the causal link between mold and asthma.
A study released in the clinical journal Thorax concluded that mold remediation– the removal of visible mold– improved breathing diseases.
Asthma and rhinitis symptoms and the use of medications to treat them were minimized in clients who participated in a randomized controlled trial to see if removing noticeable household mold would alleviate their symptoms.
Ideally, the ecological reasons for asthma may one day be attended to by medical insurance companies that see the benefits of mold removal as an asthma preventative procedure.

Levels of Mold Remediation

There are 5 levels of mold remediation that you must utilize to direct you on when to get an expert mold remediation company or just take care of the issue yourself.

Mold Remediation: Level 1 – Small isolated area (10 square feet or less).

At this level, you can take care of the mold contamination on your own for this reason saving you the cash that you might have spent on a mold remediation company. This level categorizes small infections that are generally discovered on ceilings and little locations on the wall. Mold remediation can be carried out by routine building maintenance however those doing this task must keep in mind to use individual protective garments such as a glove, disposable respirator, and eye defense. The workspace and the nearby areas ought to be unoccupied. Containment can be done by simply misting the polluted area prior to remediation. After cleaning up the area with a moist cloth and getting rid of products that can not be cleaned from your home, you must let it dry completely to prevent further mold development. Consider expert mold testing for your home.

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Level 2 – Midsize isolated locations (10-30 square feet).

The same protective steps in level 1 should be also taken when dealing with mold remediation at this level. After getting all the materials that have mold in plastic bags that are tightly sealed you should and the mold polluted location is completely cleaned up with a wet fabric the location ought to be vacuumed with a HEPA vacuum.

Level 3 – Big separated locations (30- 100 square feet).

At this level, mold pollutes patches on the wall the exact same preventative measures applied in level 1 and level 2 must likewise be applied in level 3. In addition to these precautions, use plastic sheets to seal all the air motions around the workspace and places adjacent to it. Vacate all the residents in the work area along with the surroundings. All locations must be completely dry and noticeably free from mold.

Level 4 – Extensive contamination (more than 100 square feet).

At this level, health and safety experts who are trained in mold investigations (mold remediation) should be consulted prior to the mold remediation process begins. Every individual that will be operating in the plagued location must put on protective garments that are disposable to prevent mold spore from infecting other parts of your house. The working area must likewise be totally isolated from the rest of the house. All the openings must be total since mold is airborne. Before reoccupying the make certain that air tracking is carried out to validate if your house is safe for you to return in. Hire a mold remediation company near me.

Level 5 – (Air Conditioning Unit and HEATING AND COOLING Systems).

If only a little part of the air conditioner is plagued by mold then you can manage this problem using the steps in levels 1 and 2. Nevertheless, it is suggested that all mold invasion in air conditioners and HVAC systems ought to be delegated the professional mold remediation business who ought to follow the preventative measure procedures in levels 1 through to level 4. In addition to these, the employees ought to shut down the A/C system prior to starting with the work and remove any product that is supporting the growth of the mold in the system and seal it in a plastic bag. They should likewise use antimicrobial representatives that are developed to prevent the development of the mold.

Bleach For Mold Removal?

Can you eliminate mold with bleach?

Do NOT utilize Chlorine bleach to eliminate mold or disinfect musty locations. Hire a mold removal company instead. It is not a reliable or long-lasting killer of mold and mold spores. Bleach is great just for altering the color of the mold and watering the roots of the mold. CHLORINE BLEACH IS INEFFECTIVE IN KILLING MOLD FOR THESE REASONS:

( 1) The object to killing mold is to kill its “roots”. Mold removal involves the requirement to decontaminate wood and wood-based building products, all of which are permeable products. Thus, chlorine bleach needs to not be utilized in the mold removal procedure. The use of bleach as a mold disinfectant is finest left to kitchen and bathroom counter-tops, tubs and shower glass, and so on

( 2) Chlorine Bleach does eliminate bacteria and viruses, however, it has not been proven reliable in killing molds on surface areas that are not permeable. 99% of a bottle of bleach in water. Water is one of the important components necessary for the development of damaging bacteria and mold. Existing scenarios where bleach was used in an attempt to eliminate mold, it re-grew and regenerated mold and germs twice the CFU counts than were originally discovered before bleaching, within a short period. Like an old spouse’s tale, we’ve been led to believe that utilizing bleach will eliminate some bacteria and mold. It’s what we gained from our moms and dads and has carried on this mistaken belief for several years. The strains now associated with Indoor Air quality problems are resistant to the approaches our grandmothers used to clean-up mold.

Austin mold removal

( 3) What capacity mold “eliminating” power chlorine bleach might have is lessened considerably as the bleach beings in warehouses, on grocery store racks or inside your home or service. Bleach loses 50% of its eliminating power in just the first 90 days inside a never opened container or container. Ultraviolet light breaks down the Chlorine which is constantly getting away through the plastic walls of its containers.

( 4) The ionic structure of bleach prevents Chlorine from permeating into porous materials such as drywall and wood, it simply stays on the outdoors surface area, whereas mold has enzyme roots growing inside the permeable contraction materials, nevertheless, the water material penetrates and FEEDS the mold. This is why a couple of days later on you will see darker, more focused mold growing on the bleached location.

( 5) Chlorine Bleach accelerates the wear and tear of materials and breaks down the fibers of permeable materials.

( 6) Chlorine Bleach is NOT a registered EPA disinfectant designed to kill mold. You can verify this essential reality on your own when you are unable to find an EPA registration number for eliminating mold on the label of any brand name of chlorine bleach.

( 7) Chlorine bleach off-gases for an amount of time. Chlorine off-gassing can be harmful to human beings and animals. It has been understood to trigger lung embolisms in low resistant and vulnerable people.

( 8) Chlorine bleach will evaporate within a brief period. If the bleach vaporizes and the surface area is still damp, or moisture is still in the infected location (humidity, outside air dampness), you could have the contamination procedure immediately begin again and to a greater degree.

( 9) Chlorine is a key component of DIOXIN. Among the earliest findings of dioxin’s toxicity in animals was that it caused abnormality in mice at extremely low levels. This finding resulted in dioxin being characterized as “one of the most powerful teratogenic ecological agents”. The very first evidence that dioxin causes cancer originated from several animal studies completed in the late 1970s. The most essential of these, published in 1978 by a group of researchers from Dow Chemical Company, led by Richard Kociba, discovered liver cancer in rats exposed to extremely low levels of dioxin. This study helped establish dioxin as one of the most powerful animal carcinogens ever evaluated and, together with the finding of abnormality in mice, cause the basic declaration that dioxin is the “most hazardous synthetic chemical known to male.”

If Not Bleach, What Can I Use?

The Myth:

A Myth exists concerning the usage and “efficiency” of chlorine bleach (salt hypochlorite) in the mold removal procedure. Mold remediation involves the removal of mold and the disinfection of mold infected building materials. For a better understanding of mold removal check with the experts.

Opposing Views and Confusion.

Chlorine bleach, commonly described as laundry bleach, is typically viewed to be and be all to end all biocide to ease off mold in the removal processes. Does Bleach Kill Mold? Will chlorine bleach kill mold or not– yes or no? The response is yes, however with a caveat. That answer originates from The Clorox Company, Oakland CA, producer and supplier of Ultra Clorox Regular Bleach. Their Tech Department research studies supported by independent laboratories reveal that “3/4 cup of Clorox liquid bleach per gallon of water will be effective on difficult, non-porous surfaces versus … Aspergillum Niger and Trichophyton mentagrophytes (Athlete’s Foot Fungus)”, Whether or not chlorine bleach kills other molds and fungi, the company did not say. Their words “hard, non-porous” “surfaces” present the caveat. Mold remediation involves the need to disinfect wood and wood-based building materials, all of which are porous materials. The use of bleach as a mold disinfectant is best left to kitchen and bathroom countertops, tubs and shower glass, etc. An EPA registered disinfectant specifically designed as an anti-fungal is what you want.

Why Chlorine Bleach is NOT Recommended for Mold Removal? Chlorine bleach (sodium hypochlorite) is corrosive and that fact is stated on the product label. Yet the properties of chlorine bleach prevent it from “soaking into” wood-based building materials to get at the deeply embedded mycelia (roots) of mold. The object to killing mold is to kill its “roots”. Reputable mold clean up contractors use appropriate products that effectively disinfect salvageable mold infected wood products. Beware of any mold inspector or mold remediation company that recommends or uses chlorine bleach for clean up on wood-based building materials.

Chlorine Bleach is an Active Ingredient in New Mold & Mildew Products. The appearance of new mold and mildew household products on store shelves is on the rise. Most are dilute solutions of laundry bleach. The labels on these mold and mildew products state that they are for use on (again) hard, non-porous surfaces and not for wood-based materials. Instructions were not to apply the products are varied. One commercial mold and mildew stain remover even specifically states it should not be applied to porcelain or metal without immediate rinsing with water and that the product isn’t recommended for use on Formica or vinyl.

Caveat Emptor! Before purchasing a mold or mildew product, read and fully understand the advertised purpose of that product. The labeling claims on these new products can be confusing. Some say their product is a mold and mildew remover while another says their product is a mildew stain remover and yet others make similar ambiguous claims. Make sure that the product you chose satisfies your intended application and the surface you plan to use it on. If you intend to kill mold, make sure the product does exactly that and follow the directions for usage. Consumers may find that mixing their diluted bleach solution will achieve the same results as any of the new mold and mildew products. Keep in mind that the use of chlorine bleach is not for use on mold infected wood products including wallboard, ceiling tiles, wall studs, fabric, paper products, etc

Conclusion: laundry bleach is not an effective mold killing agent for wood-based building materials and NOT EFFECTIVE in the mold remediation process. The public should be aware; however, that chlorine bleach solutions are an effective sanitizing product that kills mold on hard surfaces.

Invest in Commercial Cleaners and Dazzle Your Clients With a Brilliant Workspace!

Perceptions matter in company. When your customers see your company properties they will certainly anticipate them to mirror your expert picture. Purchasing the know-how of industrial cleaners can aid to guarantee your work space is attractive and also tidy to every one of your site visitors.

Industrial cleaners can offer you with the professional cleaning company your organization requirements. From indoor office cleaning to light upkeep and also cars and truck valeting you can be certain your firm looks its best whatsoever times.

Commercial Cleaners

Why Choose a Reputable Cleaning Company?
· Resources – It makes extra economic feeling to make use of industrial cleaners when it comes to staffing. These cleaning solutions will certainly have a lot more sources in area as well as guarantee you have a cleaner onsite every day if called for.
· Experience – Professional cleaning is a cut over residential cleaning. It takes years of experience in cleaning to attain best requirements promptly and also successfully. Business cleaners can maintain residential properties looking just as good as brand-new as well as expand the life of your carpetings, floor covering and also soft home furnishings.

A leading cleaning business will certainly have spent thousands of extra pounds in high efficiency tools. It does not make feeling to spend in this for your company if you are just cleaning a modest office room.

Commercial Cleaners

· Products – Many cleaning items are just offered to those in the profession. Industrial cleaning solutions aid to stay clear of the need of saving as well as taking care of these chemicals on your home on your own.

Industrial cleaning business will certainly be able deal you the abilities and also the most advanced devices called for to maintain your residential properties in leading form (there are additionally business that identify the significance of making use of ‘eco pleasant’ cleaning items). These specialists can guarantee you are obtaining optimal outcomes for your organization cleaning as well as upkeep budget plan. · Experience – Professional cleaning is a cut over residential cleaning. Business cleaning solutions assist to prevent the need of keeping and also taking care of these chemicals on your building on your own.

Industrial cleaning business will certainly be able deal you the abilities and also the most innovative devices needed to maintain your residential properties in leading form (there are likewise firms that identify the significance of making use of ‘ecologically pleasant’ cleaning items). These professionals can guarantee you are obtaining maximum outcomes for your organization cleaning and also upkeep spending plan.

It is very important to contract out expert abilities that are not associated with your service. It can set you back a great deal a lot more for you to employ, train and also keep a team of cleaners for your office on your own. Leave this work to the experts and also offer your company a break.

Spending in the knowledge of industrial cleaners can assist to guarantee your work area is enticing and also tidy to all of your site visitors.

Office Equipment Design | Library Uses

Printers have come a long way over the past few years. Gone are the days when buying a printer meant buying a large, chunky device that needed its own table and could really only print. These days, you can buy a relatively inexpensive and sleek device that not only prints but also scans and occasionally faxes too.

Of course, there are quite a few of these all-in-one printers available. All the major printer companies, including HP, Canon, Epson, and so on, all make multiple all-in-one printers — and they’re not all going to be a good choice for your needs.

There are a few things to consider when buying an all-in-one printer. For starters, you’ll want to think about whether you want an inkjet printer or a laser printer. Inkjet printers are a little cheaper than laser printers on average, but you have to regularly buy ink. Laser printers still require you to buy toner, but much less frequently, so ultimately you may save money. There’s another trade-off and that’s that most laser printers can only print in black and white — which will be good for those who only plan on printing documents, but not so great for those that want to print things like photos.

There are quite a few options for those that want an all-in-one printer. That, however, is why we put together this guide. Here are the best all-in-one printers you can copier

  • Affordability
  • Energy and space efficient: units are sized for desktop
  • Intuitive: unprecedented ease-of-use with a touch-screen interface
  • Green: no or reduced paper, toner and ink usage
  • Output to USB, email, printer and cloud services
  • High image quality
  • Fast copy/scan speeds
  • Ultra-quiet operation
  • Lower physical maintenance requirements
  • Simple installation
  • Ability to add “pay as you go” features – particularly important in student, library, and clerk of court settings

Many libraries now just rent copiers for short times (2 to 3 years) due to a large number of copies they run.


Funding Your Project With A Home Equity Mortgage

Funding Your Project Mortgage or Line of Credit

Whether you’ve lived in your home for decades or are just about to start your journey as a homeowner, the idea of customizing your home to fit your style and preferences, as well as necessary repairs to aging homes, can be both exciting and daunting. The exciting part comes without question, but the daunting components often revolve around money.

In addition to paying $9,000 in unavoidable costs and basic maintenance associated with homeownership every year, the typical U.S. homeowner dishes out an additional $3,021 per year on home improvements, according to the Zillow Group Consumer Housing Trends Report 2017.

And wanting to make some updates around the house isn’t uncommon: 77 percent of homeowners think their home could use some sprucing up. Most notably, they are interested in painting the inside of their home (25 percent), improving a bathroom (22 percent), landscaping (21 percent) and replacing the flooring (21 percent).

If you’re wondering how to fund your own home improvements, you’re not alone. Nearly half of homeowners who plan to make improvements struggle with how they’ll pay for them. While most homeowners pay for improvements with either cash or debit (57 percent) or with a credit card they pay off immediately (27 percent), others get creative in order to gather up enough money to create their dream homes. Here’s a look at some of those ways, which might help you build your dream home, too.

1. Refinance Your Mortgage

Refinancing your home is one way you can stash away extra cash every month to pay for home renovations. Depending on your current interest rate, you might be able to refinance at a lower interest rate and/or for a longer loan term, which would lower your monthly mortgage payment. So, you could set aside the difference until you’re ready to jump into renovations.

If you have enough equity in your home, an even faster way to get your refinance to pay for your next big project is with a cash-out refinance. Going this route, you refinance your existing loan for a new loan with an amount that’s higher than the amount you owe. That way, you pay off your original mortgage and have cash left over to remodel your home to your heart’s content.

It’s a big decision to refinance your mortgage, and of course you’ll want to consider the cost of the refinance to see if it’s worth it in the long run. To help decide if refinancing is right for you, try our refinance calculator to estimate your savings, and then check the latest refinance rates from multiple lenders, anonymously.

2. Get a Home Equity Line of Credit (HELOC)

If you already have a low rate on your first mortgage, or you’ve already paid off your loan, refinancing may not make sense for you. However, a HELOC is an option to tap into your equity to pay for a home renovation without refinancing. It works a lot like a credit card in the sense that it has a set limit that you can borrow against. However, since the loan is secured by your home, you’ll get a much lower interest rate than a credit card. A HELOC is typically an adjustable rate loan but will allow for fixed-rate advance options if you prefer the stability of a rate that won’t change.

One of the biggest benefits to HELOCs in the past has been that the interest paid on the HELOC is tax deductible up to $100,000. However, under the recently passed tax law, interest free HELOCs come with a few stipulations, with the most notable circumstance being that the money is used to pay for home improvements. And that’s good news for you if you’re planning on using this money to pay for your next home improvement project.

3. Take Out a Home Equity Loan

home equity loan is another option for homeowners to tap into their equity to pay for renovations without refinancing their entire mortgage. Unlike a HELOC, which is a line of credit that you can borrow against as needed, this type of loan requires you to take out all the cash at one time. But since it is a fixed rate loan, the interest rate on a home equity loan is typically higher than an adjustable rate of a HELOC. Home equity loans are also commonly called “second mortgages” because many homeowners get them in addition to their first mortgage. However, you don’t need a first mortgage to get a home equity loan.

It can be a tough choice to decide whether a home equity loan, cash-out refinance, or HELOC is best for you. As with any new loan, consult with a lender to see which one makes the most sense for you.


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Storms & Rebuilding your Roof | Dealing with Roofers

After the large storms – homeowners still have contractors from all over the country knocking on their doors. While news sources and online experts warn against hiring contractors from outside Minnesota, some homeowners still don’t take the time to fully vet where their contractors are from. Or worse, they may fall for discounting practices, thinking the lower price justifies a hasty decision. Here are four reasons why taking 20 minutes to investigate your roofing contractor and choosing a local company such as Trinity Exteriors will save you money and headaches in the long run.

  1. Local Contractors Have Better Supplier/Crew Relationships

Over the years it takes to build a local business, local contractors have formed strong bonds with their suppliers, and better systems for easing the hassles associated with renovation projects. Local contractors know which supplier’s quality materials from have trusted manufacturers and can secure the materials on-time for homeowners.

  1. Local Contractors Are Members of Your CommunityRoof Contractor

Local contractors rely upon homeowners in their service area for reviews and referrals, and bad word of mouth can completely put them out of business. Contractors setting up temporary shop for the season don’t feel this pressure to exceed client expectations, because they may not be up here in Montana for a few years.

  1. Support the Local Economy

According to a Chicago study for every $100 spent at a local business, $68 remain in the community, versus only $43 for larger companies with many locations. Not only does this benefit the community, but local businesses often give back to residents through volunteering and sponsorship.

  1. Local Companies Honor Repairs & Warranties

One of the most important reasons to hire a local siding contractor is their ability for ongoing repairs and warranties. It often happens we hear of roofing contractors in Kansas or Texas who were in the Twin Cities for one summer of storms so when their homeowners start having trouble with their roofs, the contractors can’t make the 8- to 12-hour drive for a 30-minute repair. we consistently take care of previous customer repairs and honors their workmanship warranties.


One thing people today overlook far too much is the simple yet effective act of kindness.  In this cold new world overtaken by selfishness and greed is a desperate need for those little acts of care.  Just a helping hand or a quick show of compassion can turn another person’s day completely around.

Sometimes even a friendly smile can save a life.  People often forget others and become very engrossed in their own problems.  This leads to a negative downward spiral and a chain reaction of selfishness.  A generation of selfish people is the last thing we need today. Imagine if everybody was willing to be kind and compassionate to each other.  If it was not forced, but a habit.  This would change the world.

Everyone has experienced difficult times at one time or another when things were not going well and needed an act of kindness to brighten up their day. If it wasn’t for that one person, that one act of kindness, they might not have the life they have today.  Remember how effective just the smallest act of kindness can be.  Know that you can do this for others.  In the long run, you may not be just helping one person but multiple people.  Kindness is like the spark from a match that creates a forest fire. The forest is a forest of anger, selfishness, and cruelty.  Kindness can burn through all of those things.

It’s very important for people to remember that anger is powerful.  So is selfishness along with cruelty.  However, kindness overpowers all.  You may think your kindness makes a difference for other people only, but it doesn’t.  What comes around goes around, and your act will be returned.  Your most important reward is knowing how much you just helped someone in need.  You feel satisfaction knowing that you might have saved someone’s day, week, or even life.  What you have really been given is the most precious gift you can receive, the gift of kindness. Everyone is capable of being kind.  Everyone can help.  The real question is, why don’t we? This should not be a question.  Kindness should come automatically.  It should be common rather than a rarity.  We can make this happen and do something kind today.

“No matter how small, an act of kindness never goes unnoticed.”

Deterring Illegal Immigration by Separating Parents and Children

What does fear accomplish?

It’s a question the Trump administration appears to be trying to answer, whether intentionally or not, as it cracks down on illegal immigration.

Just last week, The Washington Post reported that the administration is considering separating parents from their children if they’re caught crossing the border illegally. If implemented, the policy would mark a shift from current policy, which keeps families together. The move has received pushback from immigrant groups who argue it’s cruel, but administration officials see it as a way to discourage Central American migrants from making the journey to the United States following an uptick in family units and unaccompanied children caught at the border. Even if the policy successfully deters economic migrants however, immigrant advocates warn that it will punish the most desperate immigrants—those fleeing violence or persecution—without dissuading them.

How many people are being arrested?

The number of apprehensions at the U.S.-Mexico border dropped at the start of the Trump presidency, but has since begun to creep up again, according to Customs and Border Protection figures. In March, the Department of Homeland Security reported a 40 percent decline in apprehensions from January to February. Indeed, it appeared the mood had shifted in Central America as Trump took office. In speaking with migrants, advocates, and workers at shelters in the U.S. and Mexico, The New York Times found that people were less likely to make the journey north.

In March, then-Department of Homeland Security Secretary John Kelly attributed the drop in border crossings to the new policies rolled out under President Trump. “Since the Administration’s implementation of Executive Orders to enforce immigration laws, apprehensions and inadmissible activity is trending toward the lowest monthly total in at least the last five years,” Kelly said in a statement. Then, in November, U.S. agents caught 7,018 families, an increase from 4,839 the month before, according to CBP. The number of apprehensions of unaccompanied children also increased.


The uncertainty surrounding DACA raised concerns about the 800,000 young immigrants who face deportation if Congress can’t reach a bipartisan deal and the program disappears.

Attorneys working to prevent deportations

“The backlog in the immigration system is tremendous,” former Mexican foreign minister Jorge Castañeda, a group member and New York University professor, told the Journal. Lawyers deployed to deportation cases could double or triple the existing backlog of cases “until Trump desists in this stupid idea,” he said.

The idea puts a spotlight on an immigration court system which, unlike the US criminal system, has no constitutionally guaranteed right to an attorney. According to a September study by the American Immigration Council, only 37 percent of people facing deportation nationwide – and just 21 percent of Mexicans – have legal representation.

Home’s Universal Designs

Imagine building a house when you’re young that you can live in as you age: wide doorways can accommodate both a stroller and a wheelchair; towel racks in the kitchen double as grab bars as balance grows unsteady; and entryways are smooth to prevent tripping. Builders incorporate these concepts of universal design to create homes that are barrier-free without looking purposely modified.universal kitchen designsign of products and environments to be usable by all people, to the greatest extent possible, without the need for adaptation or specialized design.

Universal design is related to aging-in-place remodeling and a Certified Aging-in-Place Specialist (CAPS) can help you remodel your home using universal design concepts. The NAHB Remodelers in collaboration with Home Innovation Research Labs, NAHB 50+ Housing Council and AARP developed the CAPS program to address the growing number of consumers that will soon require these modifications. While most CAPS professionals are remodelers, an increasing number are general contractors, designers, architects, and health care consultants.

To find a CAPS remodeler in your area visit

Everyone can use universal design! It doesn’t matter if you are young or old. You could be short or tall, healthy or ill. You might have a disability. Or you may be a prize-winning athlete. Because of universal design, people who are very different can all enjoy the same home. And that home will be there for all its inhabitants even when their needs change.

Here are some of the more common universal design features that are also incorporated into aging-in-place remodels:

  • No-step entry. No one needs to use stairs to get into a universal home or into the home’s main rooms.
  • One-story living. Places to eat, use the bathroom and sleep are all located on one level, which is barrier-free.
  • Wide doorways. Doorways that are 32-36 inches wide let wheelchairs pass through. They also make it easy to move big things in and out of the house.
  • Wide hallways. Hallways should be 36-42 inches wide. That way, everyone and everything moves more easily from room to room.
  • Extra floor space. Everyone feel less cramped. And people in wheelchairs have more space to turn.

Some universal design features just make good sense. Once you bring them into your home, you’ll wonder how you ever lived without them. For example:

  • Floors and bathtubs with non-slip surfaces help everyone stay on their feet. They’re not just for people who are frail. The same goes for handrails on steps and grab bars in bathrooms.
  • Thresholds that are flush with the floor make it easy for a wheelchair to get through a doorway. They also keep others from tripping.
  • Good lighting helps people with poor vision. And it helps everyone else see better, too.
  • Lever door handles and rocker light switches are great for people with poor hand strength. But others like them too. Try using these devices when your arms are full of packages. You’ll never go back to knobs or standard switches.
  • Cleaning and maintenanceit makes sense to create this type of building construction also, it makes the cleaning easier